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托福口语:六个task举例分析解答技巧

作者:火学  发布时间:2012-06-04  来源:上海火学网
上海外国语学院公共英语热招中

  TOEFL IBT的SPEAKING部分共有6个TASKS。下面为大家详细介绍各部分答题技巧以及注意事项。

  TASK 1

  要求考试者在45秒钟之内根据自己的经验讲述一些问题。这些问题可能是有关你自己,你的家庭,你的国家以及一些类似的话题。

  例如:

  Describe your country’s national anthem or your country’s national flag. Explain how it is used in modern society. Include details and examples.

  15 seconds to prepare

  45 seconds to speak

  Sample Answer:

  The Chinese national anthem’s name is " March of the Volunteers". This song was composed by Nieer in 1932. It encouraged the volunteers to fight against the Japanese invasion in the Second World War. In modern Society, we could always hear this song in school, government meeting or some sport games. For instance, if some Chinese athletes win the champions on the Olympic games, we can hear this song.

  TASK 2:

  根据个人经验表达观点。

  经常用到的表达个人观点的句型:

  I believe…

  I agree with the idea of …

  I don’t think…/I think…

  I agree that it is important to…

  I disagree with the idea of…

  I feel…

  I support the idea of…

  If you ask me…

  Some people might say…, but I think…

  例如:

  Some people think that wildlife does not belong outside of its natural habitat. They do not think that zoos should exist. Others believe that zoos serve an educational purpose that is more important than the rights of the wild animals. Which side of this argument do you support and why? Include details and examples in your explanation.

  15 seconds to prepare

  45 seconds to speak

  Sample Answer:

  Well, so zoos. Do they serve a useful purpose? In my opinion they do. I think zoos are important for a couple of different reason. Firstly, they can really inspire people to care about the natural world. Um… when someone makes a personal connection with an animal at the zoo, it can have a profound effect. That person might become interested in the fate of that animal in the wild. That’s the really important role for zoos. Education, I mean. Zoos can inform people about the real dangers of extinction that exists for so many species nowadays, like tigers and rhinos and oh, I don’t know, snow leopards… And the other thing that zoos do that’s really important is that they offer opportunities for breeding endangered species. I just read something about this. A few zoos in Europe had an endangered species of horses in their collection and they bred them. Recently they reintroduced the horses back into their native homeland in Mongolia. So basically, for educational and breeding purposes, I think zoos play a useful role.

  TASK 3:

  campus based

  reading: 一个问题(有时有解决方法)

  listening: 一个人解决该问题的意见,以及理由(150-180字,100s)

  Speaking:

  题目一般如此要求,给个例子:the student gives her own opinion about the best way to solve the university’s money problems. Say what her opinion is, and summarize the reasons she gives.

  注意:

  1、主要考的是summarize

  2、结合读到的与听到的说,以听得为主

  3、不可以加入自己的观点。

  30s’ 时间需要完成的任务:

  1、speaker 的main idea

  2、理由(一般是两个)

  3、陈述的结构

  TASK 4:

  general and specific task

  Reading: background information about an academic lecture.

  Listening: more specific information of the topic

  基本上是阅读给出一个理论,听力给出具体的例子或由该理论产生的一些结果。

  注意: 把背景资料应用到听力里,仍旧主要是陈述听到的东西。考的还是summarize, 不要加入个人的观点。

  TASK 5:

  campus based conversation

  Listening: about 2 min,内容多是关于校园生活,一个人有了怎样的问题,另一个人给他几个建议(多半是两个),要么是问你你觉得那个建议比较合理(加入个人观点),要么是就第二个人的建议,发表看法(同意合适不同意,不要加入自己的建议)

  注意:

  1. 第一步,先说问题

  2.解决办法一

  3. 解决办法二

  4. 结论

  TASK 6:

  lecture

  重点考summarize,不要带个人观点。

  通常听到的结构:

  1、main idea

  2、A 是什么,B是什么,B比A的优点是什么

  注意:

  the professor mainly discussed how…… along with …… illustrate two example the A is …… the B is ……最后做个结论例如综上所诉, B比A好。

  口语考试注意事项:

  1、 内容的准确性最重要,最重要的是完成试题要求的内容,所以安排时间很重要,平时训练时一定要自己看好时间,调整语速,不管怎样要在规定时间内把要求的内容都覆盖到。

  2、 除了第五部分,所有其他部分不要加个人的观点。

  3、 如果搞不清楚说话人的身份或名字,一律称之为speaker。

  4、 一定要避免复述,不要把听到看到的东西原封不动的搬来,换个句式或近义词,诸如the girl said:…… the professor said ……, 尽量避免(当然啦,实在没听懂除外,总比什么都不说强)

  5、关于复习,有效的利用机经和TPO进行练习,在练习时要培养对时间的分配,推荐yeeaoobox托福口语真题模拟软件,上面有很全的历年考题,多找一些口语伙伴进行对练,增强语感。

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